In Gramatiko By Viktorio

Phrasal verbo give

Ni turnas al la dua de phrasal verbs — give La ĉefa semantika enhavo de la verbo estas la jena: doni, doni, doni, investu. Kio aliaj valoroj povas preni la vorton en kombino kun prepozicioj?

La valoroj de la phrasal verbo give

  1. Give away — donu (donacoj) distribui ion doni (sekreta)

    He gave away the secret. – He gave away the secret. – Li donis sekreto.

    She gave away all the money to the poor. – malriĉuloj. She gave away all the money to the poor. – She gave away all the money to the poor. – Ŝi donis sian tutan monon al la malriĉuloj.

    They’re giving away a CD with this magazine. – CD– revuo. They’re giving away a CD with this magazine. – CD– They’re giving away a CD with this magazine. – CD– ROM estas donaco al tiu revuo.

  2. Give back — reveni, por doni

    Give back the book you borrowed. – Give back the book you borrowed. – Alportu la libron vi prenis.

  3. Give forth — publikigi, elsendas, proklami, eksigi la famo

    It won’t do to give forth. – It won’t do to give forth. – Spreading famoj erara.

  4. Give in — donu, donu; preni la (skribita verko)

    Don’t give in without a fight. – Don’t give in without a fight. – Ne rezignu sen batalo.

    She gave in her exam paper. – She gave in her exam paper. – Ŝi pasigis sian ekzamenon papero.

  5. Give off — elsendas, afero (odoro, fumo, lumo, varmego)

    This lamp gives off a very bright light. – This lamp gives off a very bright light. – Ĉi lampo lumas tre hele.

    The fire was giving off a lot of smoke. – fumo. The fire was giving off a lot of smoke. – The fire was giving off a lot of smoke. – El la fajro iris multe da fumo.

  6. Give out — distribui, deklari finon

    His strength gave out after running that long distance. – distanco. His strength gave out after running that long distance. – His strength gave out after running that long distance. – Lia potenco finiĝis kiam li kuris longan distancon.

    He gave out copies of the report at the end of the meeting. – la fino de la kunveno. He gave out copies of the report at the end of the meeting. – He gave out copies of the report at the end of the meeting. – Li donis (distribuita) kopion de la raporto post la kunveno.

    The food supplies gave out. – The food supplies gave out. – Manĝaĵo provizoj elkuris.

  7. Give over — pasi, ĵeti (fari ion)

    Give over pushing! – Give over pushing! – Ĉesu puŝas!

    We gave the keys over to our neighbors during our absence. – dum nia foresto. We gave the keys over to our neighbors during our absence. – We gave the keys over to our neighbors during our absence. – En lia foresto ni lasis la ŝlosilojn najbaroj.

  8. Give up — forlasi, rezigni, rezigni, forlasi (espero), doni (kriminala)

    He gave up his seat to her. – He gave up his seat to her. – Li donis al ŝi lokon.

    He gave up smoking. – He gave up smoking. – Li ĉesis fumi.

    You were so late that we gave you up. – supre. You were so late that we gave you up. – You were so late that we gave you up. – Vi venis tiel malfrue, ke ni ne plu devos atendi.

    The murderer gave up. – The murderer gave up. – La murdisto kapitulacis.

  9. Give up on smth — rezigni pri io (kiel la ideo)

    Jack gave up on improving relation. – Jack gave up on improving relation. – Li prirezignis la ideon por plibonigi rilatojn.

  10. Give up on smb — rezigni (ekz de la espero), ke iu faros kion vi atendas de li

    After the quarrel she gave up on him. – After the quarrel she gave up on him. – Post kverelo, ŝi rompis supren kun li.

Tiu temo estas proksime rilata al la aliaj kiel priskribita en la artikoloj kiuj bezonas pagi atenton:

  • «Phrasal verbo get – Parto 1»
  • «Phrasal verbo get – Parto 2»
  • «Phrasal verbo make
  • «Phrasal verbo take
  • «Phrasal verbo bring

Post legi ilin, ni rekomendas pasi la sekvan provon: «Testo # 1 sur la uzo de phrasal verbs en la angla lingvo.»

 

Gramatiko

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